It is important to maintain ethical behavior both personally and professionally in business, therefore many business firms have also developed codes of ethics for their employees to follow. These ethics and conduct rules ensure all accountants act in a consistent manner.
Debate continued as of over the perceived benefits and costs of SOX. The highlights of the legislation are consumer protections with authority and independence, ends too big to fail bail outs, advance warning system, transparency and accountability for exotic instruments, executive compensation and corporate governance, protects investors, and enforces regulations on the books.
Almost any day, newspaper headlines reveal public officials and business leaders who did not do the right thing.
Several accounting organizations have codes of ethics governing the behavior of their members. Ethics in Audits Auditing is one of the most important tasks that accountants perform.
The factors include in order of most significant : "self-interest, failure to maintain objectivity and independence, inappropriate professional judgment, lack of ethical sensitivity, improper leadership and ill-culture, failure to withstand advocacy threats, lack of competence, lack of organizational and peer support, and lack of professional body support.
And although they hardly provide rigorous or objective criteria, intuition and gut feelings can be helpful ethical guides. In fact this deception is all in perfectly good taste.
Accounting ethics research paper
In addition, countries have their own organizations which regulate accounting. It is important to remember that the Code of Ethics applies equally to an accountant who is an employee or officer of an entity. In this case, the most ethical course of action would be for the accountant to step back and avoid providing inside information to either company. The accounting equation, which is at the heart of accounting activity, states that assets minus liabilities equals the owner's equity. A critical component of trust is making unbiased decisions and recommendations that benefit the client. Integrity: Integrity isn't a set of rules or a course of action, but rather a state of mind oriented towards honesty, straightforwardness and a commitment to acting following principle rather than for the sake of personal gain. Sadly, not everyone who works in the accounting field is trustworthy. The result is less harm to investors, quickly holding offenders responsible, and to maintain the integrity of the U. References 3. In the long run, businesses that pay attention to ethics do better; they are viewed more favorably by customers. Florida for example, requires and tests the principles and rules of the AICPA Professional Code of Conduct as well as key Florida state statutes and administrative codes. Failure to keep information confidential could result in bad publicity and possible defamation of a company or person. When a company hires an outside auditor to review its accounting data, it is the job of that accountant to be thorough and fair and to search for inconsistencies even if these red flags will add additional work or create other problems for the company. An accountant should always present the facts objectively and refrain from slanting information in a misleading way. As a result of discussions, a list of professional ethics was incorporated into the organization's bylaws.
What if there was an oral agreement but not a signed contract? Cottel argued that in order to uphold strong ethics, an accountant "must have a strong sense of values, the ability to reflect on a situation to determine the ethical implications, and a commitment to the well-being of others.
Similarly, an accountant shouldn't use any information obtained while performing professional services for the sake of personal gain, such as selling stock in a business whose books appear questionable.
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