An analysis of the primary causes of obesity in children

Most of the time, however, personal lifestyle choices and cultural environment significantly influence obesity.

Childhood obesity causes and effects

They thus fail to maximize individual fitness, in the biological, Darwinian sense, and find themselves in a stable disequilibrium of chronic overeating. Although most of the physical health conditions associated with childhood obesity are preventable and can disappear when a child or adolescent reaches a healthy weight, some continue to have negative consequences throughout adulthood. Surprisingly, we know very little about specific home influences and as a setting, it is difficult to influence because of the total numbers and heterogeneity of homes and the limited options for access [ 56 ]. Fontaine et al. Becker and Murphy develop a theory of rational addiction in which rationality is modeled as dynamic maximization of utility from stable preferences. A minimal level of food consumption is required for living and for maintaining body weight but why do people overeat? Children should therefore be considered the priority population for intervention strategies. While BMI seems appropriate for differentiating adults, it may not be as useful in children because of their changing body shape as they progress through normal growth. Decaluwxe V, Braet C. They showed that time series data will often be insufficient to differentiate rational addiction from serial correlation. They include abdominal obesity, high triglyceride levels, low HDL cholesterol levels, hypertension, and impaired glucose tolerance. Although the emphasis of this review is on young people 5 - 19 years , it inevitably includes references to adult obesity as well. Obesity Silver Spring ;—

These include health education, improvement of school meals, accessibility to drinking water, and physical activity programmes. They discovered that one type of isoform created oxo- reductase activity the alteration of cortisone to cortisol and this activity increased Effects of dietary pattern and TV watching.

References 1. A study in concluded that within a subgroup of children who were hospitalized for obesity, This includes the presence of water taps and the assortment of snacks in vending machines.

social effects of childhood obesity

Prevention may be achieved through a variety of interventions targeting built environment, physical activity and diet.

As family sizes decrease, the children's pester power, their ability to force adults to do what they want, increases.

hormonal causes of childhood obesity

Fat babies at the age of one were 1. While BMI seems appropriate for differentiating adults, it may not be as useful in children because of their changing body shape as they progress through normal growth.

An analysis of the primary causes of obesity in children

The choice of diet depended on weight, obesity status, family income, mother's education, family size and sex. Consequences of childhood obesity Childhood obesity can profoundly affect children's physical health, social, and emotional well-being, and self esteem. They also face numerous other hardships including negative stereotypes, discrimination, and social marginalization. Consequently, both over-consumption of calories and reduced physical activity are involved in childhood obesity. It is this genetic propensity to store fat in response to insulin, paired with our lifestyles with too much sedentary activity and processed energy-dense foods, that has contributed to the problem of overweight. Lastly, family habits, whether they are sedentary or physically active, influence the child. Richards et al. Diet An excessive daily energy intake for a sustained period of time leads to an increase in body weight and increases the risk of having obesity. Environmental factors, lifestyle preferences, and cultural environment play pivotal roles in the rising prevalence of obesity worldwide. While BMI seems appropriate for differentiating adults, it may not be as useful in children because of their changing body shape as they progress through normal growth. The relation between eating- and weight-related disturbances and depression in adolescence: A review. However, that review pre-dates recent data, which, although still too soon to be certain, suggest that the increase in childhood obesity in the US, the UK, and Sweden might be abating.
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Childhood obesity