Porfiry likes Raskolnikov, and urges him to surrender to mitigate the sentence. As we will see, he commits the murder in just this way. It was like having an illness. Eventually she throws the gun aside, but Svidrigailov, crushed by her hatred for him, tells her to leave.
She is horrified, not just at the crime, but at his own self-torture, and tells him that he must hand himself in to the police. Dostoevsky, having carried on quite bruising polemics with Katkov in the early s, had never published anything in its pages before.
Then some unspoken message or hint passes between them and Razumikhin perceives the truth. A few months later, he had taken an object to pawn.
For Raskolnikov, Christian truth and social justice have become lies. She reads the words triumphantly, her voice clear and powerful, convinced that no one could hear and not believe. Luzhin phrases everything in stylistic office jargon, speaking as if he were dictating a business letter.
When Raskonikov finally departs, Dunya, who has been watching them, approaches Svidrigailov and demands to know what he meant in his letter about her brother's 'secret'.
Today we call such a theory situational ethics, knowing fully that in such a world of relative values conventionally good deeds may be bad and vice versa.