Defence mechanisms

A woman gets in an argument with someone at work and starts sobbing uncontrollably. These are also signs of depression, and therapy can help. If a situation is just too much to handle, the person may respond by refusing to perceive it or by denying that it exist.

Superego : The superego contains internalised societal and parental standards of "good" and "bad", "right" and "wrong" behaviour. Examples of rationalisation include a shoplifter blaming the high price of sweets to justify their theft of a chocolate bar, when in reality they simply enjoyed the act of shoplifting.

Rationalization defense mechanism

How do you handle stressful situations? According to this theory, id impulses are based on the pleasure principle : instant gratification of one's own desires and needs. A person who dislikes their teacher after being given low grades may feel that they would be punished if they express their hostility towards them. Psychoanalytic theory holds that the energy invested in sexual impulses can be shifted to the pursuit of more acceptable and even socially valuable achievements, such as artistic or scientific endeavours. Reaction formation is the fixation in consciousness of an idea, affect, or desire that is opposite to a feared unconscious impulse. We do it often enough on a fairly conscious level when we provide ourselves with excuses. Mechanisms of psychological defense: genesis, functioning, diagnostics.

Through therapy like psychoanalysis or counseling, you can become more aware of the defense mechanisms you use most often, and you can even work to shift the responses you use from immature or less productive to ones that are more mature, sustainable, and beneficial.

SE, 3: There is no logic and no time line.

advantages of defense mechanisms

A person who is afraid of crossing a bridge with a friend might accuse them of having a fear of heights, for example, and in doing so, avoids accepting their own weaknesses.

Top 10 most common defense mechanisms Dozens of different defense mechanisms have been identified.

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15 Common Defense Mechanisms