From definitions given earlier the following inferences can be derived: 1.
The formal framework of expectancy theory was developed by Victor Vroom. Hierarchical vs.
The economic hardship could be attributed to the recent withdrawal of petroleum subsidy by the Federal government of Nigeria. This gives an individual a feeling of pride and triumph when he attains them, and sets him up for attainment of next goal.
Skinner's theory simply states those employees' behaviors that lead to positive outcomes will be repeated and behaviors that lead to negative outcomes will not be repeated Skinner, Maslow described human needs in the form of hierarchy ascending from the lowest to the highest need.
Many modern-day authors have also defined the concept of motivation. This is a tried-and true structure, but often employees can feel undervalued and trapped in roles. Be transparent with employees, let them know the truth about company operations. The workers are offered incentives for achieving the desired goals.
This approach is concerned not about the ordering of needs but rather about the needs themselves.