Evelution of risk management activism factors and findings
Even hedge funds, the admired and hated acrobats or pirates of the shareholder activism world, can offer something valuable.
With a growth in distant or outsourced asset management, short-term shareholder activism has been inadvertently nourished. The side effects are similar to those experienced by most multinational enterprises when outsourcing essential parts of their value and supply chains: human rights violations and environmental harm.
Example of low risk activism
This is even truer in the current climate with the desperate chase for returns expected to continue — both future equity and bond returns are forecast to be substantially lower than ever before. Secondly, most campaigns contain some elements of truth and can act as a wake-up call, especially to corporate inertia. The goal of these conversations is, generally, either to effect a substantive change to the compensation plan, or to alter how it is described in shareholder communications. The goal of these investors is usually to encourage one of four types of change. Just as enterprises need to reduce the distance between themselves and their suppliers to avoid these problems, asset owners need to be close to their asset managers — especially those operating directly within the company, such as the management and board. Image: Harvard Business Review In short, shareholding has become more dynamic and share capital less patient — both factors that put listed companies under pressure to generate returns in much shorter time frames. There were shareholder requests against public companies in But two-thirds of companies do end up responding to the appeal of shareholder activists , mostly because their corporate management or boards are disunited or too collusive in their corporate steering. To win such a battle with activist shareholders, companies need to involve the other, remaining shareholders — especially asset owners who have an interest in stable value creation over time. Recent cases show that, with a solid equity story in place, corporations under attack can reject a shareholder campaign, even if it involves influential investors like in the cases of Unilever or PepsiCo. Can activism be a positive influence? Background Some of these activists have been engaged in this type of activity for decades e.
The influence of active shareholders may not necessarily be detrimental to a company - it can bring benefits. Understanding what these shareholders may seek i.
These may force a firm to take any instant triggering positive share-price reaction, with little care for the potential side effects for the wider organization or its employees. Empirical analysis offers mixed results, with McKinsey and Bain recording some superior Total Shareholder Returns TSR over a three-year period, following an activist campaign of max.
If given the option, most activists would prefer to spend as little time as possible to achieve the changes they believe will enhance the value of their investment in the company.
These investors believe that these changes may provide broader societal value which also—over the long-term—benefits the corporation and all of its stakeholders.
But, things were different in the past: shareholding was more concentrated and exclusive, and most influencing by shareholders took place behind closed doors.
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Empirical analysis offers mixed results, with McKinsey and Bain recording some superior Total Shareholder Returns TSR over a three-year period, following an activist campaign of max. Lastly, these activists along with the companies responding to them are grappling with the potential impact of high-frequency traders on the identity of the shareholder base that is eligible to vote on proxy matters. Even hedge funds, the admired and hated acrobats or pirates of the shareholder activism world, can offer something valuable. Companies and boards may want to reassess how the data they review is aggregated and presented. Amidst these tensions, an impressively influential shareholder underdog has appeared: the shareholder activist. Even if the company decides not to make any changes based on such an evaluation, going through the deliberative process will help enable company executives and directors to articulate why they believe staying the course is in the best long-term interests of the company and its investors. History and theory tell us it is rarely worth it. While a company breakup was still one of the potential changes sought by these activists, many also sought new executive management, operational efficiencies, or financial restructuring. Secondly, most campaigns contain some elements of truth and can act as a wake-up call, especially to corporate inertia. Environmental and social proposals are usually sponsored by labor pension funds, ESG-oriented investment managers, religious groups, or coalitions of like-minded investors. Company leaders that are able to demonstrate to investors that they were part of positive changes, rather than simply had changes thrust upon them, enhance investor confidence in their stewardship. Whether activist campaigns create economic value remains unclear. The following post is based on a PricewaterhouseCoopers publication, available here.
Activists are also motivated to reach agreement if possible. The goal of these investors is usually to encourage one of four types of change.
Have you read? Can activism be a positive influence?
Evelution of risk management activism factors and findings
They have become too distant from the assets they own, creating space for asset managers interested in the short-term. These investors believe that these changes may provide broader societal value which also—over the long-term—benefits the corporation and all of its stakeholders. Prepare We believe that companies that put themselves in the shoes of an activist will be most able to anticipate, prepare for, and respond to an activist campaign. Companies that have been repeatedly targeted by non-hedge fund activists are also attractive to some hedge funds who are alert to the cumulative impact of shareholder dissatisfaction. Background Some of these activists have been engaged in this type of activity for decades e. Companies routinely monitor their ownership base for significant shifts, but they may also want to ensure that they know whether activists of any type are current shareholders. Activists typically expect to engage with both members of management and the board. In times of high-frequency trading shares may be held for just milliseconds. The purpose of this post is to provide an overview of activism along this spectrum: who the activists are, what they want, when they are likely to approach a company, the tactics most likely to be used, how different types of activism along the spectrum cumulate, and ways that companies can both prepare for and respond to each type of activism.
based on 91 review