What is multiculturalism and multi cultural education

The Springfield Plan addressed racism as one of the more debilitating weaknesses of a community.

Multicultural education journal

It should be remembered that inequality and oppression of families and communities was the initial objective set forth with this new idea of multicultural education. Colleges and public schools can make improvements to this field by revisiting the foundations of this freedom movement to be racism existing in education. During the s, educators developed a new approach to the field of multicultural education, examining schools as social systems and promoting the idea of educational equality. Multicultural education is a process that permeates all aspects of school practices, policies and organization as a means to ensure the highest levels of academic achievement for all students. Multicultural education became a standard in university studies for new teachers, as Fullinwider states. While ethnic minority students learn in many contexts about the mainstream society in which they live, for White students the school context might be the only places where they can have meaningful encounters with ethnic and religious others. There is not a single standard for each sub group as it relates to learning styles. This can allow teachers and students to celebrate the diverse culture that America is based upon. It values cultural differences and affirms the pluralism that students, their communities, and teachers reflect. Use art as a starting point in discussions of cultural and racial issues. Multicultural education programs implemented for teachers[ edit ] New teachers can be blind to the diversity of their students, which can lead to generalizations and stereotypes about different cultures.

While this approach is often a first step towards a more multicultural curriculum, it is still very limited in that it still presents the topic from the dominant perspective.

There are four different approaches or levels to curricular infusion.

Multicultural education pdf

Educational theorists differ from philosophers in that theorists seek to restructure schools and curriculum to enact "social justice and real equality" Levinson, , p. Establish school-wide activities throughout the year that support multicultural themes. In the s, educators expanded the study of multicultural education to consider "larger societal and global dimensions of power, privilege, and economics. Similar concerns are often expressed about instruction, and some educators and parents may argue that schools are spending too much time and too many resources on some students at the expense of others. Levinson also brings up, similar to Fullinwider, the conflict between minority group preservation and social justice and equity. Find allies in your administration who will support your work. In terms of Levinson's ideas, conservative multiculturalism, liberal multiculturalism, and pluralist multiculturalism view multicultural education as an additive to existing curriculum, while left-essentialist multiculturalism and critical multiculturalism see to restructure education, and thus, society. Criteria includes books that: Explore differences rather than making them invisible Enrich understandings of history and life and give voice to those traditionally silenced or marginalized Show how people can begin to take action on social issues Explore dominant systems of meanings that operate in our society to position people and groups of people as "others" Don't provide happily ever after endings or complex social problems [24] "After reading these books, dialog can follow that will enable understanding and facilitate making connections to one's life. It should be remembered that inequality and oppression of families and communities was the initial objective set forth with this new idea of multicultural education. If anything, multicultural education has been needed because of how some teachers have been finding it difficult to relate the curriculum to the children they teach. Those who believe in and prioritize meritocracy may perceive unequal educational allocations, accommodations, or compensations to be unfair because some students are being given an unfair advantage, which may diminish opportunities for other, possibly more deserving, students.

Team Program for other minorities in more schools can influence more student outlooks on their education and can assist them in completing necessary credits for high school graduation.

Use art as a starting point in discussions of cultural and racial issues.

Why is multicultural education important

Fullinwider describes one rather controversial method for multicultural teaching: teaching to "culturally distinct" learning styles. Third schools must rely on teachers to teach towards students becoming global citizen which again, relies on teachers' willing to embrace other cultures in order to be able to convey to and open-mindedness to their students. Diversity and unity should coexist in a delicate balance in democratic multicultural nation-states. Have students create collective classroom slang dictionaries. Multicultural education can be implemented on the macro-level with the implementation of programs and culture at the school-wide or district-wide level and also at the mico-level by specific teachers within their individual classrooms. Steven L. Another source of debate stems from the conception of America as a meritocracy in which anyone, if they work hard enough, can succeed and prosper. As student perspectives of multicultural education remain positive, allowing other students to become exposed to this subject may encourage and conclude in consistent, positive attitudes towards other cultures. Allow controversy.

The numbers of minority students continue to increase in education that a multicultural approach is no longer looked at simply as educating the minority, as they will soon be the majority. Another source of debate stems from the conception of America as a meritocracy in which anyone, if they work hard enough, can succeed and prosper.

Find places in your current curriculum to embed multicultural lessons, ideas, and materials.

multiculturalism in education

A pro-democracy position is not neutral; teachers should help schools promote diversity. To help support the ideals contained within the Thirteenth Amendment, Congress adopted the Fourteenth Amendmentwhich provided all citizens the privileges and immunities clauseas well as the equal protection clause.

What is multiculturalism and multi cultural education

Challenges[ edit ] Lack of a definition of culture[ edit ] Many educators may think that when holding cultural parties, listening to music, or sampling foods related to different cultures that they are sufficiently promoting multiculturalism, but Fullinwider suggests these activities fail to address the deeper values and ideas behind cultural customs through which true understanding is reached Fullinwider, , and Levinson adds that such practices could lead to "trivializing real differences; teachers end up teaching or emphasizing superficial differences in order to get at fundamental similarities" [4] p. This position is well developed by political philosopher Benjamin R. Another source of debate stems from the conception of America as a meritocracy in which anyone, if they work hard enough, can succeed and prosper. Build relationships and learn about their backgrounds and cultures. The schools were established and funded to promote democracy and citizenship. More specifically, he points out that teachers may fear bringing up matter within multicultural education that could truly be effective because said matters could be equally effective and potentially harmful Fullinwider However, a lot of them lack the design to prepare teachers with consistent ways of the defining principles of multicultural education and preparation of teaching multicultural education authentically Gorski, It was in their hopes that "their lives and histories be included in the curriculum of schools, colleges, and universities…multicultural educators sought to transform the Euro-centric perspective and incorporate multiple perspectives into the curriculum". For example, students with moderate disabilities and students who are not proficient in English are increasingly being moved into regular classes rather than being taught in separate classes , where they may receive specialized assistance, but where they learn the same material as their peers. In some college syllabi, there is cultural sensitivity and multicultural competence. For example, a district and school may decide to hire more teachers with specialized expertise in English as a second language or in special education often to comply with state or federal requirements despite budgetary cutbacks and staffing reductions in other teaching areas.
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